Technology Integration Frameworks

Overview of Frameworks

Over the last several years a variety of technology integration frameworks have been developed. Information about a few frameworks can be found below along with links to pages with more information and resources.

*Hughes J, Thomas R & Scharber C (2006). Assessing Technology Integration:
The RAT – Replacement, Amplification, and Transformation - Framework.


The RAT model was developed by Dr. Joan Hughes while researching how teachers integrated technology into their classrooms.

The link above will take you to Dr. Hughes Website with more information about the RAT model.

Image the creation of Dr. Ruben Puentedura, Ph.D.


The SAMR model was developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura so teachers could evaluate how effectively they were integrating technology into the classroom.

The link above will take you to a Dr. Puentedura's Blog where he posts information about the SAMR model.

Florida Center for Instructional Technology. (n.d.).
The Technology Integration Matrix. Retrieved from


The Technology Integration Matrix(TIM) is a project put together by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology. The matrix was built using five levels of technology integration and five characteristics of meaningful learning environments and can be used to evaluate how technology is being integrated.

The link above will take you to the TIM website where you can find a variety of tools that can be used in coordination with TIM.

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TPACK extends Lee Schulman's work on PCK to include technology as another field of knowledge necessary for teachers.

The link above will take you to a TPACK website with resources to learn more about the model.

Triple E

The Triple E Framework was designed specifically for use in evaluating technology integration in K-12 classrooms. The model was developed by Professor Liz Kolb and focuses on how technology is helping students meet learning goals.

The link above will take you to the Triple E Framework website where you can learn more about the framework and find rubrics and other tools to use as well.